What is a Computer Motherboard?

All vital inside parts of a pc system are connected to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the pc motherboard. If the CPU is known because the “brains” of a pc, the motherboard may be considered the “heart.” In computer terminology, the motherboard can also be called the logic board, mainboard, or system board. It is commonly abbreviated as “mobo” or MB.

While a motherboard doesn’t boost the speed of a pc, it is without doubt one of the most essential parts of a pc because it links all elements that allow a pc system to function. If you are buying a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard which serves as the backbone or backbone upon which other laptop components could be attached.

Most of a pc’s inner components are plugged directly onto the motherboard by way of sockets or slots. A motherboard may include an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be used to connect an AGP video card, Peripheral Element Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for hard drives and optical drives. The pc motherboard additionally comprises several ports for external peripherals like the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers and removable devices.

A computer part may be built into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards or Network Interface Cards (NIC). A constructed-in laptop component could also be disabled in favor of a more highly effective version.

In particular, the pc motherboard incorporates a socket that can accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only assist AMD CPUs while others are only compatible with Intel processors. There is but no motherboard that can assist all types of CPUs.

The computer motherboard also comprises a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge links the hard disk drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects different computer parts like the video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.

Additionally, the motherboard has a Fundamental Input/Output System (BIOS) chip that checks computer hardware like the power supply unit and the hard disk drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip powers up the computer CPU. When you boot up your PC, the BIOS is the primary program run by the pc earlier than bringing you to Windows or your favored operating system.

The computer motherboard additionally features a real-time battery-operated clock chip that determines time. This is the reason why they’ll still inform time accurately even when they have not seen any use in weeks or months.

Merely put, the motherboard serves as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and other computer hardware can meet and mingle!

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